One of the safest weight reduction surgery functions is Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy. Sleeve gastrectomy has many brands, including Vertical Sleeve Gastrectomy (VSG), Greater Curvature Gastrectomy, Parietal Gastrectomy, and Longitudinal Gastrectomy. This procedure is conducted by reducing up to 85% of the tummy size. Reduced food capacity can make Patients feel content with less diet, resulting in significant weight reduction.
Obesity can cause many health issues such as hypertension and diabetes, which procedure is an excellent solution for individuals with severe obesity. Many patients have effectively reduced their unwanted weight in a few months after gain and surgery significant health improvements. This procedure is performed laparoscopically under general anesthetic.
Laparoscopically procedure entails smaller and fewer incisions, resulting in shorter therapeutic time and less pain. The procedure is begun by causing multiple small incisions to get usage of the stomach, accompanied by incisions on a single aspect of the belly, the one with the higher curvature. Then the stomach is extended into an extended sleeve with banana form, divided and stapled vertically.
After that, the surplus of stomach is removed including the upper area of the belly which produces Ghrelin hormones that stimulate us to feel hungry. The nerves around the stomach and the pyloric valve in underneath of the stomach which connect the belly with the tiny intestine stay untouched. It means the meals process from abdomen to the small intestine remain the same, only the capacity is smaller.
- Laparoscopy is a minimally-invasive treatment, indicating smaller incisions and less scarring
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Sleeve gastrectomy is not reversible and takes at least an hour usually. Depending on the patient’s condition, weight loss surgery can be carried out in a mere one stage, or split into two stages of operation. Patients with extreme body weight or certain body shape which makes their surgery harder may necessitate two levels of procedures. The first one is the sleeve gastrectomy. Coupled with a good diet and daily exercises, the patient can lose around 80 pounds of his excess weight after a couple of months. The weight reduction following the first operation can make the second procedure much safer.
If the doctor considers the patient still need additional weight loss, then the second operation will be carried out usually 8 to 12 months after the first. The second procedure can be other bariatric surgery such as gastric bypass or duodenal switch. Compared to other bariatric method, the benefits of sleeve gastrectomy are great.
The procedure is simpler than other treatment because it will not include any artificial device positioning or adjustment of the meals route inside the belly. The tummy will have reduced capacity and food cravings feeling, and it will also have normal functions same as before. The digestive process in the body remains unchanged, which means there is no threat of malabsorption as with the RNY procedure and there is no stomach dumping syndrome. The achieved weight loss after the procedure is significant, up to 60% of their unwanted weight within 6 months after the surgery, when coupled with proper diet and exercises especially.